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广东高考英语新题型读写任务写作答题的指导

时间:2015-11-17 23:36:02 字数:来源:互联网

  「试题要求」

  阅读一篇短文,然后按照所给要求,写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

  「答题指导」

  1. 明确任务:写作要求中细分了若干个小任务,要先看清楚具体的任务要求,并在头脑中对所有的任务有个通盘的考虑,同时明确中心任务。

  2. 概括主旨:即认真阅读材料,概括材料的主旨——将与任务要求密切相关的内容,用简洁的语言准确地“重组”出来,完成任务一。注意:要用自己的语言“重组”与任务相关的主要内容,不要抄袭阅读材料中的句子;同时要注意使表述的信息要与原文材料的内容一致。

  3. 发表看法:即发表自己的观点或看法,并用实例或其它论述方法支持你的观点,完成其它任务。注意其内容的合理性以及与阅读材料的联系,尽量顺着阅读材料的“文脉”来组织材料。

  4. 最后检查:写完后,检查文章,注意文章是否通顺,任务是否落实。适当调整文章的谋篇布局,做到观点鲜明,内容连贯,层次清楚。

  「实例训练」

  阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

  A new study shows that fat people in the United States suffer direct economic and social effects because of their size. The findings are from an 8 – year study of about 100,000 people. The people studied were between the ages of 16 and 24 when the research began.

  The researchers who carried out the study say they consider the people fat if they are in the top of 5% of the measurement in which weight is connected with height. For example, fat women in the study were about 160 centimeters tall and weighed about 90 kilograms. Fat men in the study were about 175 centimeters tall and weighed 100 kilograms. The researchers say that more than 1,000,000 Americans are that big. The researchers found that fat young women were more likely to lose social and economic power even if they were form wealthy families. The fat women also were 20% less likely to get married and they earned an average of about $6,700 a year less than other women. The study showed less severe effect on fat men. They earned an average of about $3,000 a year less than other men. Fat men also were 11% less likely to get married.

  「写作内容」

  1. 概括短文的内容要点,该部分的字数大约30词左右;

  2. 就“肥胖引起的问题”这个主题发表你的看法,至少包含以下的内容要点,该部分的字数大约120词左右:

  a) 简介中国的肥胖人群面临的问题;

  b) 你认为人们应如何避免过于肥胖;

  c) 你认为应该怎样对待肥胖人群。

  「写作要求」

  你可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不要抄袭阅读材料中的句子。  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  「参考范文」

  A recent report says there are over a million fat people in the US. Fat people meet a series of problems in their life. They are less likely to get married and are badly paid when they work.

  In China this problem is also getting worse and worse. The living standard of the Chinese people has greatly improved in the last two decades. Meanwhile more and more people, especially children, are getting too fat. Fat people in China are faced with many problems in their life. They receive discrimination from the society. They find it more difficult to find work than ordinary people and are worse paid when they work. In order to reduce the number of fat people, I think people, including children, should keep living an active life, having a healthy diet and exercise more. On the other hand, fat people should be treated with full respect and as equally as any human being in the society.



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